These are some terms you may come across in studying taijiquan and qigong.

An -push/press downward
An Jing – quiet energy

Baduanjin – Eight pieces of brocade
Ba Fa – Eight methods of the internal martial style Liu He Ba Fa
Ba Gua (Pa Kua) – Eight trigrams
Ba Gua Zhang – Eight trigrams palm (internal martial art)
Bai hui – Accupuncture point on the crown of the head – Governing Vessel
Bai lian jiao – Outward crescent kick
Ban gong- External exercise
Ban Ma Bu – Half horse stance
Baoluo – Pericardium – one of the twelve primary qi channels
Beng – Expand
Bi Qi – Seal the breath
Boh Jing – Deflecting, bouncing power
Bu – Footwork/stances

Cai – Force exerted by quick grab and pull
Ce Jing – Twisting Power
Ce xing bu – Side step
Cha bu – Backward cross step
Chan si gong -Silk reeling
Chang Chuan – Long boxing
Chang San-Feng – Mythical creator of Taijiquan
Che bu – retreat step
Chen – Original style of taijiquan based on creations by Chen Wangting and further developed by following generations
Chen Jing – Sinking Power
Chi or Qi – Vital energy or life force
Chi Kung/Qi Gong – exercises to increase vital energy/Qi done sitting standing, sitting or lying down
Chin Na – Joint control aspect of Chinese martial arts, four aspects, dislocationg the joints, seperating muscle, sealing the breath and cavity press. Joint locking
Chong Qi – To fill the Qi
Chuan – Fist
Ci Jing – Cutting Power
Cun Jing – Inch Power

Da Lu – Pushing hands exercise also known as four corners or large rollback
Da Mo – The Bodhidarma
Da Qiao – Building the Bridge – Touching the tongue to the roof of your mouth
Dantian or tan tien – Field of Elixer. Upper (between the eyebrows) middle (solar plexus), and lower (trhee fingers below the navel at the body’s center of gravity)
Dao – Sabre or broadsword
Dao or Tao – The Way
Dao De Jing – Taoist Classic text written by Lao Zi
Dao yin- Concentrated exertion of inner force
Deng Jiao – Heel kick
Dian Xue – Cavity press, striking of acupuncture points, category of Qin Na/Chin Na.
Di Jing – Uprooting Power
Dim Mak – Vital point attacks using acupuncture points
Ding – Central Equalibrium
Ding Bu – Follow step
Dou Jin – Vibrating or shaking the body with great force, used to hit at short distances
Downward Strike – Zai Quan
Du li bu – One leg stance
Duan Jing – Interrupting Power
Du Mai – Governing vessel, one of the major qi pathways, runs from tailbone to spine and up to the roof of the mouth

Empty/Full – Basic concept in Taijiquan. Empty is a deficiency while Full is excessive or lots of something. An aspect of Yin/Yang
Er lu- Second routine
External/Internal – Referring to the martial arts. External usually refers to the arts developed at Shaolin and are physical while the internal martial arts are focused on Qi power and relaxed power

Fa Jing – To issue explosive power
Fan Hu Xi – Reverse breathing or Taoist breathing
Frame – The size of the movement performed, small tight movements would be small frame
Fu- Major style of internal arts by Fu Zhen Song

Gai bu – forward cross step
Gang ru hsiang ji- Hardness and softness in close succession
Gong/Kung – Energy or hard work or effort
Gong Bu – Bow step
Gongfu or Kung Fu – Anything that takes time and energy to learn
Gu – Look Left

Hao – style of TaijiQuan, not common, small movements, created by Hao Wei-Zen developed from the small frame of Chen style Taijiquan
He Jing – Close-up Power
Hen – One of two sounds in Taijiquan. On inhale is yin energy, on exhale yin and some yang
Heng Jing – Crossing Power
Hexagram – One of the 64 changes of the I Ching
Hook Hand – Gou
Hsing I/Xing Yi Chuan – Form and intent boxing (internal style) developed by General Yue Fei
Hu lei jia- Thunder style
Hua Jing – Neutralizing Power
Hua Jing – Transforming energy
Hui yin – Perineum
Huo – Fire

I Ching – The book of changes or book of divination

Jan – Yielding
Ji – An offensive force transmitted by putting two arms together and “pushing”.actually means to squeeze
Ji ben gong fu- General basic exercises
Jian – straight sword
Jin – Power, force or advance, there are many types of jin energy
Jin – Metal
Jin Bu – Step forward
Jing – Internal energy channels
Jing luo- Main and collateral channels where vital energy circulates
Jing-Shen – Spirit of vitality
Jin Zhong Zhao – Golden bell cover, training that allows a person to be struck without injury

Kai Jing – Open-up Power
Kai li bu – separated leg stance
Kao – Shoulder Stroke or to lean
Kong Jin – empty force
Kung Fu/Gongfu – hard work or skillful effort

Lan – Merging
Lao gung or Laogong- Accupuncture point in the center of the palm
Lao jia- Old frame
Li – Strength, muscular power
Lieh – Split or spiraling force, a screwdriver type of force
Ling – Agility
Ling Gong Jing – Distance Power
Lotus kick – Circular kick in T’aijiquan
Lu – Roll Back and diverting force to side, a sticking energy

Mai – Vessels or Qi channels
Mian – Soft
Mianquan – Soft fist, another name for taijiquan Ming Jing – bright energy
Ming men – Accupuncture point at lower back in line with the Dan Tien
Mu – Wood element

Na Jing – Controlling Power
Nan Chuan – Southern boxing in China
Nei gong- Internal exercise.
Neijia – internal arts
Neijin – internal power
Ni- outward rotation in Chan su qong
Nian Jiao – Grinding step
Nien – Adhering or sticking to

Open/Close – Term in Taijiquan for expanding/contracting, growing/shrinking. Another application of Yin & Yang

Pai Jiao – Slapping foot kick
Pan – Look right
Palm – Zhang
Pao Chui – Cannon fist, the second form of Chen T’aijiquan
Peng – Relaxed Connection upward force
Peng – Ward Off
Peng Jing – Pushing Power
Po Jing – Deflecting Power
Postnatal Birth – Energy acquired after birth from the environment
Prenatal Birth – Energy acquired from parents
Pu Bu – Sliding step
Punch – Da Quan
Push Hands – Two person exercise in taijiquan, used to develop sensitivity and move towards self defense application

Qi or Chi- Ennergy
Qi gong- An excercise of breathing and directing qi throughout the body to improve health.
Qi Li – Qi supported muscle power
Qiang – Spear
Qin na- Capturing technique; joint locking.
Qing gong- Lightness exercise
Quan- Fist or martial art.
Quan Zuan- Critical point before turning back to the other direction in twisting energy
Quing – Lightness

Ren Mai – Conception vessel
Root – Developing stability in taijiquan by sinking chi to dan tien initially and eventually below the feet and into the earth
Rou – Soft
Rou Shou – Soft hands see San Shou
Ruan Jin – Soft jin

San Bao – Three treasures – jing, chi and shen
San Shou – Free hands, fighting in Taijhiquan
San Ti shi- Standing exercise
Shang Bu – Forward step
Shaolin Temple – Monastery in the Henan Province, China noted for martial arts
Shen – spiritual energy
Shi San Shi – The Thirteen Postures
Shui – Water
Shun- Inward rotation in chan ssu gong
Sifu/Shifu – Master teacher
Suei – Magnetic energy
Sun style- Major style created by Sun Lutang (1861-1932)

T’ai Chi/Taiji – supreme ultimate
T’ai Chi Ch’uan or Taijiquan – martial art based on yin/yang
T’ai Chi Classics – writings on Taijhiquan, in brief poetry form
with deep meaning
Tai ji bu fa- Taijiquan step exercises
Tai ji chan si jing- Taijiquan twisting force exercises
Tai ji dou jing- Taijiquan shaking force exercises
Tai ji qi xie gong- Taijiquan weapon exercises
Tai ji chan tui shou- Taijiquan push hand.
Taiyang – Extreme yang
Taiyin – Extreme yin
Tie sha zhang- Iron palm
Tao or Dao – The way to self development
Tao Te Ching – Classic writing on the Tao by Lao Zi
Throwing Fist – Pie Quan
Thrusting Fist – Chuan Quan
Ti – Lift
Ti Jiao – Toe kick
Tie Bu Shan – iron shirt qigong, training to allow person to take a blow with no injury
Ting Jing – Listening Energy
Trigram – Arrangement of three parallel broken or unbroken lines representing yin or yang arranged in pairs to form the hexagrams of the I Ching
Tsai/Cai – Pull down energy
Tu – Earth
Tu na- Deep breathing exercise.
Tui – Retreat
Tui Bu – Step back
Tui – Push Out
Tui bu – Back step
Tui Shou – Push hands, exercise in Taijiquan to develop sensitivity and close quarter fighting, purpose to uproot or disrupt opponents balance



Wa Shou – Tile hand, hand position in Taijiquan
Wu (Hao) style (1) – Major style created by Wu Yuxiang (1812-1880)
Wu style (2)- Major style created by Wu Jianquan (1870-1942)
Wai Jin – External power, minimal chi
Wu Chi/Wuji – Nothingness, void before T’aiji and yin/yang
Wu wei – Doing without doing, effortless effort. flow
Wudang – Mountain in China where internal arts are practiced in the Fubel Province
Wushu – Martial techniques

Xiao jia- Small frame
Xia Dan Tian – Lower Dan Tian
Xi Bu – Empty step
Xiao Lu – Small rollback
xiae bu – Post stance
Xin – Mind
Xin jia- New frame.
Xin-Yi – Heart mind
Xun jin kou xue- Capturing nerves and pressure points

Yang – Hard, strong, male, active, bright, heaven, side of yin/yang
Yang – Major style created by Yang Luchan (1799-1872)
Yi – Intent or mind
Yi lu- First routine
Yin – Soft weak female passive dark earth side of yin/yang
Ying Jing – Drawing-up Power
You Pan – Look right
Yung Quan – Bubbling well points at the soles of the feet

Zang Lian Jing – Sticking power
Zhan Zhuang – Standing meditation to build Qi
Zhang, San-Feng – Credited with originating Taijiquan duing the Song Dynasty
Zhao fa – Forms and techniques
Zhong Ding – Central equalibrium
Zhong Zheng – centered and straight
Zhou – Forearm and elbow in defense or offense
Zhou Jing – Rubbing Power
Zhuan Jing – Spiral Power
Zhuan Xin – Concentrated mind
Zuo Chan – Sitting meditation
Zuo Jing – Following Power
Zuo Te Jing – Folding Power